1. Supporting tools for the implemented decisions:
1a) “A_GreeNet” GIS Web Platform ” implemented and integrated with the “Green Suite” simulation and forecast models 1b) Climate Change and Health Observatory activated.
2. Scenarios of the green infrastructure designed and implemented by 2030:
2a) forecast of new public green areas equal to at least 20% of the surface area planned in the urban plans in use and not implemented; with a reduction in temperature of 4-10°C for a radius of about 200 linear metres (ml) from the concerned surface; CO2 reduction of about 21.639 ton/year; reduction in both morbidity of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases by 5-10% and mortality rate by 10-15%.
3. Management system implemented:
3a) Forestry contract signed by at least 21 public stakeholders (2 Regions, 4 Provinces, 15 Municipalities) and 22 private stakeholders (professional engineers/architects/agronomes/medical engineers, and trade associations from trade, industry, agriculture, tourism and sport sectors);
3b) Management plans for pinewoods and public green areas.
4. Demo restoration, regeneration and microforestation interventions completed:
4a) 6 urban forest restoration interventions (existing pinewoods, 21.9 hectares area) for the recovery of about 5000 trees (which would otherwise be lost by 2030, with a decrease in the capacity of lowering the temperatures from 4°C to 10°C during heat waves) with an average CO2 detention of17,915 tons/year and 77 tons/year of particulates (PM10);
4b) 1 soil regeneration intervention (8.33 ha ) to restore and strengthen the rainwater network with an absorption of 50% (compared to 20% of the total urban green area);
4c) 3 urban microforestation interventions (on 2.7 hectares) which reduce the temperature in the intervention areas (up to a radius of about 200 ml) by an average of 1.83°C, reducing CO2 by 1.096 tons/year and PM10 for 1.93 tons/year);
4d) EUR 600,000 of investments activated, for 15 bottom-up interventions carried out by companies participating in calls for tenders (1 per municipality) that award grants at 50%.
5. Networking and valorisation of project results:
5a) Exchange network activated with at least 6 Italian and foreign projects, related to green infrastructures, to increase the partners’ competences and identify the best techniques;
5b) A_GreeNet methodology transferred in at least 4 provinces, 12 Italian municipalities and 1 European municipality;
5c) Informative products and manuals distributed.
A_GreeNet contributes to the transition of the Italian Middle Adriatic City to a climate change resilient economy and to the implementation of EU adaptation policies and strategies:
• increasing the knowledge and design capacity of local authorities to develop and implement solutions for the health and well-being improvement of the community in situations of thermal stress;
• intervening on urban planning tools and building regulations, through the development of new scenarios and the definition of rules and quality standards for the design, implementation and management of urban forests, green areas and green spaces;
• developing and implementing adaptation interventions in urban areas (new public green areas, soil recovery, planting of forests and green areas, flexible solutions – vertical green, green roofs, green devices, etc.). and favouring the actual implementation of Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans (PAESC), since all partner municipalities have joined the Covenant of Mayors and are drafting (ATSTE; Municipality of San Benedetto del Tronto, Pescara) or have already approved the PAESC (Ancona);
• building partnerships and a governance system that mobilises local authorities, citizens, associations and businesses to improve the quality of the urban environment, to promote Green Infrastructures (GI), to manage and enhance coastal pine forests and urban green areas.
Also thanks to the use of GI, A_GreeNet relates positively with:
– the GI Strategy (ecosystem services) and the invitation to integrate specific geographical situations in the assessment of their potential, an aspect that takes a core role in the project as it uses very specific local knowledge tools (GIS platforms integrated with existing Envimet and ITree software) in the analysis and project selection phase;
– the EU Urban Agenda which promotes the sustainable use of soil and Nature Based Solutions;
– Cohesion Policy 2021-2027 (OP 2) for which GIs provide social, economic and environmental benefits some of which – defence against heat islands, improvement of health, quality of public spaces are central to the project;
– the “EU Forest Strategy” (importance of forest management in mitigating the effects of climate change);
– the different EU Directives (on water, nitrates, floods).